The Round Church, Cambridge

 

Introduction

image2Before I had even set foot in Cambridge, I knew of The Round Church.

I had researched Cambridge in detail before I moved there in 2008 and the thought of a church that had been situated in the heart of Cambridge since the 11th century really triggered my imagination.

The Round Church, or The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located on the corner of Bridge Street and Round Church street, close to St. John’s College.

It is of a rare design in England and is one of only four medieval round churches in England still in use today.

It is Cambridge’s second oldest building.

History

Between 1114 and 1130, land was granted to the Members of the FraternityDSC00072 (2) of the Holy Sepulchre by Reinald the Abbot of Ramsey.

The current round church we see today was begun, and the oldest part of the church has been dated to around 1120 – 1140.

The original church consisted of a round nave, with an ambulatory and a semicircular apse, and by the 13th century it became the parish church under the control of the Barnwell Priory.

image1In the 15th century, a north and south aisle were added, along with a belfry.

The church escaped damage in the reformation during the 16th century, but wasn’t so lucky during the Civil War of the 17th century. Many carvings that were deemed as ‘idolatry’ were destroyed.

By the 19th century, the church was in a poor state of repair and in 1841 part of the Ambulatory collapsed.

Anthony Salvin was commissioned to repair the church, and among structural work, he interestingly replaced the original Gothic windows with windows in the Norman style.

The floor in the Nave is inset with the Royal Arms of Queen Victoria and DSC00066 (2)Prince Albert.

In 1942, the East Window was destroyed by a bomb and replaced by a new window in 1946, dedicated to Christ in Majesty.

By 1994, the church was deemed too small for the congregation and they moved to nearby St. Andrew’s the Great.. I know needs must but it still surprises me that the 2nd oldest church in Cambridge has no regular congregation.

DSC00073 (2)
Detail of the West Door

The church today is well looked after by Christian Heritage, and included an exhibition which tells the story of Cambridge.

My favourite things about the Round Church have to be the Norman influences.

I especially love the fabulous carving of the Norman West Door, and the kooky faces that have looked down on the people for centuries.

It’s a popular spot on the tourist trail, so I recommend visiting outside of peak tourist season so you can experience it as it was meant to be.

DSC00069 (2)
Boo!

 

 

References
Wikipedia – Holy Sepulchre
British History.ac.uk – Holy Sepulchre
Christian Heritage – Round Church Visitor’s Centre

 

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “The Round Church, Cambridge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s